『最強の基本英単語リストNGSL』英単語クイズ & ランキング(Noun – 名詞)

words have power

最強の基本英単語リストNGSL – 英単語ランキング(名詞部門)

NGSLの2,800語の英単語の中で、その半分を占めるのがNoun(名詞)です。ランキングのリストを見るとその多くはすでに日本語の一部として日常使われているものばかりでした。

すでに日常生活の中の日本語(特に名詞)は、かなり英語に侵食されていることに気がつきます。

<NGSL頻出単語数ランキング(品詞別)>

  1. Noun = 名詞 1405語
  2. Verb = 動詞 626語
  3. Adjective = 形容詞 454語
  4. Adverb = 副詞 194語

1,405語あるNGSLの名詞ですが、意味が曖昧なものだけを選出すると単語数が相当削減できるはずです。半分以下まで削れたらゴールはすぐ目の前です。

まず最初にNGSL名詞リストの中身を確認して、自分の単語力を試してみてください。

<NGSL – 英単語ランキング(名詞部門)>

順位単語意味Definition
1oneひとり、ひとつthe number 1, a single person or thing
2time時間something measured in minutes, hours, days, etc.
3people人々human beings in general, plural of person
4yeara unit of time equal to 12 months or 365 days
5way方法a manner or characteristic of something
6dayeach of the 24 hours beginning at midnight
7thingan object, animal, or quality doesn't have a specific name
8backthe rear surface of something
9child子供a young person
10company会社a business that sells thing or provides services
11life生命the existence of a human being or animal
12man男性an adult male human being
13place場所a particular area or region
14problem問題something that is difficult to deal with or needs to overcome
15lot用地a small piece of land that is or could be used for building something or for some other purpose 
16number数字a word or symbol that stands for a specific amount or quantity
17part部品one of the pieces of a whole
18point主張an idea that you try to make others accept or understand
19interest興味a feeling of wanting to know or learn about something
20countryan area, nation that is controlled by government
21school学校a place where children go to learn
22end終わりa point that marks the limit of something
23world世界the earth and all people and things on it
24weeka period of seven days, starts on Sunday and end on Saturday
25home住まいthe place where a person or a family lives
26course進路the route or direction that something moves along
27housea building in which a family lives
28report報告a story given about a particular matter
29group集団a number of people or things located or gathered together
30case事例an example or instance of something
31woman女性an adult female human being
32booka printed or written work that is bound together and has a cover
33family家族a group of people who are related to each other
34systemシステムa set of related parts that move or work together
35handthe body parts at the end of a person's arm
36state状態a way of living or existing
37moneysomething used to pay for goods and services
38fact事実something that is known or proved to be true
39area地域a part or section in a large place
40name名前a word that addressed or refers to a specific person
41friend友達a person who you like and enjoy being with
42monthone of the 12 periods of time a year is broken into
43businessビジネス、商売the activity of making, buying, selling or providing goods
44information情報facts or data about a situation, person, event, etc.
45order命令an instruction or direction that must be obeyed
46government政府the group of people who officially control a country
47worda unit of language that has a meaning
48issue問題problems that people are talking or thinking about
49market市場a place that products are bought and sold
50service奉仕、勤務the action of helping or doing work for someone
51lovefeel great affection for
52job仕事the regular work of earning money
53plan予定a set of actions as a way to do, detailed proposal for doing
54result結果a thing that is caused by something else that happened
55examplea thing which is seen as a model
56programプログラムa plan of things that are done to achieve a result
57today今日this day, this present day, at the present time
58hour時間a period of time equal to 60 minutes
59student生徒a person who attends a school
60facethe front part of a person's head, the surface of a thing
61hope望みa feeling of expectation, to want something to happen
62ideaアイデアa thought, suggestion, opinion or plan
63cost費用the price of something
64room部屋a space that can be occupied which has its own floor and ceiling
65reason理由a cause for an action or event
66forma type or kind of something, the visible shape, style
67headthe upper part of the body
68cara vehicle with four wheels and engine that can carry things
69level高さa specific height or line
70persona human being
71experience経験the act of having things happen to you
72memberメンバーa person or country belonging to a group or team
73city都市many people living in a place larger than a town
74nightthe period of time of darkness between sunset and sunrise
75linea long narrow mark or band on a surface
76sidea position or direction that is away from the center
77term用語a word or phrase that describes something else
78age年齢the amount of time a person has lived
79process過程a series of actions that produce achievement
80train電車a group of connected vehicles traveling on railways
81view見解an opinion or way of thinking
82price価格the amount of money that you pay for something or that something costs
83parenta person who is a father or mother
84party政党an organization of people who have the same political beliefs
85concern心配a feeling of worry or anxiety
86product製品、生産物something that is made or grown to be sold or used
87story物語a description of how something happened
88rate速度、率the measure of speed or frequency over a particular period of time
89care注意effort made to do something correctly or well
90effect効果a change or results of something being done
91sort一部a group of people or things that have some shared quality
92cause要因something that produces an effect
93waterthe clear liquid which forms the seas, rivers and rain
94base土台the bottom or lowest part of something : the part on which something rests or is supported 
95powerthe ability, capacity or right to control things
96testテストa set of questions designed to measure a person's ability
97center中央the middle point or part
98mothera female who has a child or children
99matter物質the physical substance things are made of
100mindthe part of person that enables us to think, feel, and reason
101value価値the amount of money something is worth
102office事務所a building of set of rooms used to do business or professional activities
103record記録an official piece of evidence or document about past events
104light光、明かりthe form of energy that makes things visible
105bit少しa small piece of something
106answer答えa reaction to a question someone asks
107figurea an amount that is expressed in numbers
108letter文字a written, typed or printed message
109language言語the system of words or signs that people use to express thoughts and feelings to each other 
110subject主題the thing being discussed or described
111classクラスa group of students who often meet and are taught together
112development開発when someone or something grows or changes and becomes more advanced
113towna place people live, larger than a village, smaller than a city
114minutea period of time equal to 60 seconds
115food食べ物the things that people and animals eat
116future未来the period of time coming after the present
117top最上部the highest part, point, or level of something
118colora quality such as red, blue, green, etc.
119period期間a length or portion of time during a series of events
120noteメモa brief, short record of something
121history歴史the study of past event
122typea particular category of people or objects with a common characteristic
123soundsomething that is heard
124eyethe part of the body that you see with
125music音楽the art of making sounds that are sung or played
126gameゲーム、競技one of the games that are part of a larger contest
127moment瞬間a very short or brief period of time
128sale販売the act of selling something or exchanging for money
129policy政策a course of action proposed by an organization
130bodya person's physical self
131teamチームa group of people who compete in a sport, game
132sense感覚one of our natural abilities for receiving information
133rule規則something that is not allowed in some situations
134law法律the system or rules made by the government
135research調査研究careful study to find and report new knowledge
136paperthe material that is used in the form of thin sheets for writing
137position位置the place something is located in
138computerコンピューターan electronic machine that can store and process large amounts of information
139situation状況a condition, location or position
140staffスタッフa group of people who work for an organization or business
141activity活動something which you do for enjoyment; action
142filmフィルムmovie or a special material that is used for taking photographs
143morningthe early part of the day
144war戦争a period of fighting or conflict between countries,
145account報告a story or report about something
146shopa building or room where goods and services are sold
147event行事something especially something important or notable that happens
148condition状況a way or quality of living or existing
149father父親a male parent
150decision決断a choice that you make about something after thinking about it
151tableテーブルa piece of furniture with a flat top and legs
152girl少女a female child, a young woman
153community社会a group of people who share a common idea or area
154rolethe character played by an actor
155detail詳細a small part of something
156difference違いa quality that is unlike something else
157action行動something that a person does
158health健康the condition of being well or free from disease
159phone電話a communication system that is used to talk to someone who is in another place
160date日付a particular day of a month or year 
161practice練習するto do something again and again in order to become better at it
162model模型a usually small copy of something 
163customer顧客someone who buys goods or services from a business 
164frontthe forward part of an object
165doorドアa movable entrance to a building or room
166outsidean area around or near something such as a building
167site現場the place where something is, was, or will be located
168teacher教師someone whose job is to teach in a school, college, etc.
169landthe solid part of the surface of the Earth
170signしるしsomething which shows that something else exists, is true, or will happen
171relationship関係a connection between two or more people or things
172deaththe end of life, the fact of dying, being killed
173amounta quantity of something
174picture写真、絵a painting, drawing or photograph on paper or screen
175boy男の子a male child or youth, a young man
176organization組織an official group of people who work together for the same purpose
177couple一対two people or things being together
178range範囲、幅the area of variation on a particular scale
179quality質、品質how good or bad something is 
180project企画a planned piece of work for specific purpose
181opportunity機会an amount of time or a situation in which something can be done
182roada hard flat surface for people or vehicles can use
183accord合意a formal or official agreement
184listリストa series of written names, words or numbers
185fund資金a sum of money that is used for a special purpose
186rest休憩not at work, to have time to relax, sleep or do nothing
187kid子供a child or young person
188industry産業referring to the making of all products in a given field
189education教育the process of giving or receiving instruction
190field野原an open area of land, especially without trees or buildings
191security警備the things that are done to keep someone or something safe
192air空気the invisible mixture of gases that we breathe
193benefit利益、恩恵a good result or effect, something helpful
194trade交換the activity of buying, selling, or exchanging
195riskリスクthe possibility that something bad or unpleasant (such as an injury or a loss) will happen 
196newsニュースnew information or a report about something that has happened recently
197percentパーセントa certain part of a whole
198focus焦点the main purpose or center of interest or activity
199stage段階a particular point in a process
200space場所the amount of an area, room, or surface
201dataデータfacts or information used usually to calculate or analyze
202address住所the words and numbers that are used to describe the location of a building and that are written on letters, envelopes, and packages so that they can be mailed to that location 
203performance演技 an activity (such as singing a song or acting in a play) that a person or group does to entertain an audience 
204chance機会an opportunity to do something; an amount of time or a situation in which something can be done
205society社会a community of people living together
206technology科学技術、テクノロジーthe use, knowledge of science in industry, engineering
207choice選択the act of choosing : the act of picking or deciding between two or more possibilities 
208culture文化the beliefs and customs of a particular group
209demand需要forcefully saying that something must be done or given to you
210material材料a substance from which a thing is made of
211limit限度a point beyond which it is not possible to pass
212foot足(くるぶしから下)the part of the leg below ankle
213effort努力work done by the mind or body
214attention注意an act or power of carefully thinking about
215ground地面the solid surface of the earth that we stand on
216animal動物a living thing that is not a human being or plant 
217century世紀a period of 100 years
218evidence証拠something that makes you believe that something is true or exists
219leaderリーダーa person in control of a group, country, or situation
220street街路a public road in a city or town
221contact接触the state or condition where two things are touching
222wifea married woman
223sportスポーツa contest or game in which people do certain physical activities according to a specific set of rules and compete against each other
224response応答an answer or reaction to something that has been said or done
225voicethe sound a person produces with their mouth
226piece一切れa part that is cut or separated from a whole
227president大統領the head of a government
228firethe light, heat and the flame produced by burning something
229court裁判所a formal legal meeting place that judges about crimes
230police警察the people or the department of people who enforce laws, investigate crimes, and make arrests
231storea building or room where things are sold 
232knowledge知識information, understanding, or skill that you get from experience or education
233armeach of the two long body parts from shoulder to the hand
234heartthe organ in your chest that pumps blood through your body
235sourceproduces or provides what is wanted or needed
236employee従業員a person who works for another person or for a company for wages or a salary 
237bank堤防 the higher ground that is along the edge of a river, stream, etc. 
238cell細胞the smallest living part of an animal or a plant
239article記事a piece of writing about a particular subject that is included in a magazine, newspaper, etc. 
240surprise驚くan unexpected event, piece of information, etc.
241feature特徴a distinctive or important point of something
242factor要因something that influences a result
243art芸術a human creative skill using the imagination
244campaignキャンペーンa series of organized activities or events intended to achieve a result
245pause一時停止a temporary stop : a period of time in which something is stopped before it is started again 
246pageページone side of a sheet of paper especially in a book, magazine, etc. 
247summerthe warmest season of the year that is after spring and before autumn
248opinion意見a belief, judgment, or way of thinking about something : what someone thinks about a particular thing
249park公園a piece of public land in or near a city that can be used for pleasure and exercise
250keya device that is used to open a lock or start an automobile ◊The usual type of key is a small metal object that you insert into a narrow opening and turn. 
251manager経営者、管理者、部長someone in control of an office, shop, team, etc.
252wonder驚くべきことsomething that is very surprising or amazing
253nature物質界the physical world and everything in it
254structure構造the way that something is built, arranged, or organized
255section部分one of the parts that form something
256plant植物a living thing that grows in the ground such as a tree or flower
257paintペンキa liquid that dries to form a thin colored layer
258worker従業員someone who works for a company or organization but does not have a powerful position
259press新聞、雑誌、報道機関newspapers, magazines, and TV news reports
260region地域a part of a country, of the world, area, etc.
261growth成長the process of growing
262evening夕べthe last part of the day and early part of the night 
263influence影響the power to change or affect someone or something
264respect尊敬a feeling of admiring someone that is good or valuable
265skill技術the ability to do something that comes from training, experience, or practice
266son息子a male child
267medium中くらいa middle size, something between other things
268average平均a number that is calculated by adding quantities together and then dividing the total by the number of quantities
269stock在庫the supply of goods available for sale in a store
270management経営者the people who are in control of an office, shop, team, etc.
271character性格the way someone thinks, feels and behaves
272bedベッドa piece of furniture that people sleep on
273economy経済a large system of production and consumption
274guya man
275function機能a particular purpose for which something is used
276yesterday昨日the day before today
277image絵、像a picture, sculpture or painting of something
278sizeサイズ、寸法the total amount of physical space that a person or thing occupies
279behavior態度、行動the way a person or animal acts or behaves
280addition追加物a new or extra thing which is added to something
281stationa place where buses or trains regularly stop
282population人口the number of people who live in a place
283environment環境the conditions that surround people, animals or plants
284production生産the process of making or growing something for sale or use
285contract契約a legal written agreement between people
286playerプレーヤーsomeone who plays a sport or game
287druga chemical substance used as a medicine; an illegal substance taken for recreation
288wallthe layer of brick or stone that separates areas
289series一続き、連続a number of things that happen one after another
290success成功the fact of getting or achieving wealth, respect, or fame
291tomorrow明日the day after today
292director監督a person who manages an organized group of people or a part of an organization 
293review精査an act of carefully looking at or examining the quality or condition of something or someone
294race人種one of the groups that people can be divided into based on certain physical qualities (such as skin color)
295windowan opening in a wall or door that usually contains a sheet of glass
296purpose目的the reason for which something is done
297department部門a division of a larger part or organization
298treea usually tall plant that has a thick, wooden stem and many large branches
299college大学an school or educational institution for adults
300boarda long, thin, flat piece of wood
301holiday休日a special day of celebration
302church教会a building used for Christian religious worship or services
303machine機械a piece of equipment with moving parts that does work when it is given power from electricity, gasoline, etc.
304item品物an individual article, unit or piece of information
305centセントa unit of money that is equal to 1/100 of the basic unit of money
306season季節one of the four periods (spring, summer, autumn, and winter) into which the year is commonly divided 
307floorthe part of a room on which you stand
308stuff材料materials, supplies, or equipment 
309method方法a way of doing something
310analysis分析the process of analyzing something
311election選挙the act or process of choosing someone for a public office by voting 
312hotelホテルa place that has rooms in which people can stay especially when they are traveling :a place that provides food, lodging, and other services for paying guests 
313clubクラブa group of people who meet to participate in an activity
314movie映画a film or video
315doctor医師a person who skilled to treat people who are ill, sick and injured
316discussion議論the act of talking about something with another person or a group of people : a conversation about something
317nation国家a large area of land controlled by government, territory
318statement声明something that someone says or writes officially
319link結びつき、リンクa relationship or connection between things
320advantage利点something (such as a good position or condition) that helps to make someone or something better or more likely to succeed than others
321mileマイルa unit of measurement used in the US that is about 1600 meters
322ability能力the power or skill to do something
323unit単位a single thing, person or group that is a part of something larger
324cardカードa small piece of stiff paper that is marked with symbols or pictures to show its value, comes in a set, and is used for playing games
325hospital病院a place where sick or injured people are given care or treatment and where children are often born 
326interview面接a meeting in which someone asks you questions to see if you are suitable for a job or course
327agreement合意a promise or decision made between two or more people
328tax税金money that a government requires people to pay
329solution解決策something that is used or done to deal with and end a problem : something that solves a problem 
330capital首都having the main offices of a government
331fear恐れan unpleasant feeling caused by being aware of danger
332aim狙うto have a specified goal or purpose
333televisionテレビa piece of equipment with a screen on the front, used for watching programs
334target目的something that you are trying to do or achieve
335degreea unit for measuring temperature or the size of an angle
336husbanda married man : the man someone is married to
337accessアクセスa way of getting near to somewhere
338movement動きa change of position or place
339loss失うことfailure to keep or to continue to have something
340pressure圧力the weight or force that is produced when something presses or pushes against something
341busバスa large vehicle that is used for carrying passengers especially along a particular route at particular times
342treatment治療something which you do to try to cure an illness or injury, especially something suggested or done by a doctor
343supply供給the amount of something that is available to be used
344villagea small town in the country 
345worth価値an amount of something that has a specified value, that lasts for a specified length of time, etc
346brother兄弟a boy or man who has one or both of the same parents as you 
347investment投資the money that you put in a bank, business, etc. in order to make a profit
348scoreスコアthe number of points someone gets in a game or test
349tripa journey to a place 
350fisha cold-blooded animal that lives in water, breathes with gills, and usually has fins and scales 
351promise約束a statement telling someone that you will definitely do something or that something will definitely happen in the future 
352energyエネルギーhaving physical or mental strength
353trouble困難problems or difficulties
354relation関係a person who is a member of your family
355fileファイルa folder or box for documents that are similar
356middle中間equally distant from the ends or sides : halfway between two points 
357bar酒場a building or room where alcoholic drinks and sometimes food are served 
358strategy戦略a careful plan or method for reaching a goal
359advance進むto move forward
360starany one of the objects in space that are made of burning gas and that look like points of light in the night sky 
361networkネットワークa system of lines, wires, etc., that are connected to each other 
362operation手術when a doctor cuts into someone's body to remove a sick part
363seatsomething (such as a chair) that you sit on
364task仕事a piece of work to have done given by a person
365goal目標something you try to do or achieve, an aim or result
366option選択something which may be chosen
367boxa container that is made of a hard material (such as wood, metal, or cardboard) and that usually has four straight sides
368messageメッセージ、伝言a piece of information that is sent or given to someone 
369instance事例an example of a particular action or situation
370stylea particular way something is done or created
371quarter4分の1one of four equal parts of something 
372baby赤ん坊a very young child
373competition競争the act or process of trying to get or win something (such as a prize or a higher level of success) that someone else is also trying to get or win
374theory理論an idea that is explain facts or events academically
375reference言及するthe act of mentioning something in speech or in writing
376argument口論an angry discussion with someone in which you both disagree
377adult大人a person or animal that is grown up
378document文書an official record that gives information
379patternパターンa repeated form or design especially that is used to decorate something
380application応募書a formal and usually written request for something (such as a job
381bill請求書a document that says how much money you owe for something you have bought or used 
382careerキャリアa job that you do for a long period of your life
383speechスピーチa spoken expression of ideas, opinions, etc., that is made by someone who is speaking in front of a group of people 
384doga type of animal that is often kept as a pet or trained to work for people by guarding buildings, hunting, etc. 
385officer会社員a person who has an important position in a company or organization
386oilオイル,油a thick, black liquid that comes from the ground and that is used in making various products (such as gasoline)
387dressドレスa piece of clothing for a woman or a girl that has a top part that covers the upper body and a skirt that hangs down to cover the legs 
388profit利益money that is made in a business, through investing, etc.
389resource資源an essential supply of something
390science科学knowledge about or study of the natural world based on facts
391disease病気an illness that affects a person, animal, or plant
392balanceバランスthe state of having your weight spread equally so that you do not fall 
393damage損傷physical harm that is done to something or to someone's body
394basis基礎something from which another thing develops
395author著者a person who writes book
396hair毛髪、毛a thin threadlike growth from the skin of a person or animal
397exercise運動physical activity that is done in order to become stronger and healthier
398restaurantレストランa place where you can buy and eat a meal
399income収入earned money from work, investments or business
400property所有物something that is owned by a person or business
401daughtera female child
402post郵便物letters or packages sent by post
403newspaper新聞a set of large sheets of paper that have news stories, information about local events, advertisements, etc., and that are folded together and sold every day
404conclusion結論the opinion you have after considering all the information about something; the final part of something
405clock時計a device that shows what time it is and that is usually placed in a room or attached to a wall 
406weekend週末Saturday and Sunday
407debate討論a formal discussion between people
408memory記憶the power or process of remembering what has been learned
409songa short piece of music with words that are sung
410object物体a thing that you can see and touch and that is not alive 
411credit信用the quality of being believed or having a good reputation
412ring指輪a piece of jewelry that is worn usually on a finger 
413afternoon午後the middle part of the day : the part of the day between noon and evening 
414possibility可能性a chance that something may happen or be true
415direction方向the course or path on which something is moving or pointing
416facility施設a place where a particular activity happens
417variety多様なa number or collection of different things or people 
418clothes衣服items such as shirts and trousers that you wear on your body
419screen画面the usually flat part of a television or computer monitor that shows the images or text : the part of a television or computer that you look at when you are using it 
420track(人・車などの)通った跡a path or trail that is made by people or animals walking through a field, forest, etc.
421responsibility責任something that it is your job or duty to do or deal with
422sister姉妹a girl or woman who has one or both of the same parents as you
423rockthe hard, solid material that the surface of the Earth is made of
424dreama series of thoughts, visions, or feelings that happen during sleep
425university大学a high-level educational school where academic research is done
426agency代理店a business that provides a particular service 
427dollarドルa basic unit of money in the U.S., Canada, Australia, and other countries that is equal to 100 cents
428gardenan area of ground where plants (such as flowers or vegetables) are grown 
429weight重さa measurement that indicates how heavy a person or thing is 
430proposal提案something (such as a plan or suggestion) that is presented to a person or group of people to consider 
431versiona particular form of something and other forms
432conversation会話an informal talk involving two people or a small group of people
433poundポンドa unit of weight that is equal to 16 ounces or 0.4536 kilograms
434magazine雑誌a thin book published every week or month, that has shiny, colorful pages with articles and pictures
435shapethe form or outline of an object
436seathe salt water that covers much of the Earth's surface
437smile笑顔an expression on your face that shows happiness, amusement or pleasure
438communicationコミュニケーションthe act of communicating with other people
439agent代理人a person who does business for another person : a person who acts on behalf of another 
440judge審判a person who has the power to make a decision
441generation世代people born and living during about the same time
442estimate予算a rough idea or guess
443difficulty困難the quality of something that makes it hard to do : the difficult nature of something 
444survey調査an act of studying to make a judgment about it
445majority大多数more than half of a group of people or things
446sticka cut or broken branch or twig 
447request要請an act of politely or formally asking for something
448winda natural movement of air outside
449exchange交換an occurrence in which people give things of similar value to each other 
450budget予算a plan of how you will spend your money; the amount of money you have for something
451blood血液the red liquid that flows through the bodies of people and animals 
452blockブロックa solid piece of material (such as rock or wood) that has flat sides and is usually square or rectangular in shape
453scene場面a division of an act in a play during which the action takes place in a single place without a break in time
454writer作家someone whose job is writing books, stories, articles, etc.
455content内容the things that are in something 
456element要素an essential or particular part of something
457telephone電話a system that uses wires and radio signals to send sounds (such as people's voices) over long distances
458copyうり二つsomething that is or looks exactly or almost exactly like something else
459committee委員会a group of people who are chosen to make decisions about something
460adviceアドバイス、助言an opinion or suggestion about what someone should do 
461handleハンドルa part of something that is designed to be held by your hand 
462glassガラスa hard usually transparent material that is used for making windows and other products 
463trial裁判a formal meeting in a court in which evidence about crimes
464stressストレスa state of mental tension and worry caused by problems
465radioラジオ、無線the system or process that is used for sending and receiving signals through the air without using wires 
466administration経営管理the work of organizing and arranging the operation of something, such as a company
467text本文the original words in main writing or speech
468context事情a set of facts surrounding a person or event
469equipment設備the things that are used for a particular activity or purpose
470title題名the name given to something (such as a book, song, or movie) to identify or describe it 
471executive幹部people who have important jobs in business
472chairいすa seat for one person that has a back and usually four legs 
473sample見本a small amount of something that gives you information about the thing it was taken from 
474sex性別the state of being male or female mostly biological
475videoビデオa film or television program recorded on videotape
476connection接続something that joins or connects two or more things 
477weather天気the state of the air and atmosphere at a particular time and place
478principle原理、原則a moral rule or belief that governs person's behavior
479appeal訴え、要請when a lot of people are asked to give money, information, or help; a request to change an official decision
480trust信頼belief that someone or something is reliable, good, honest, effective, etc. 
481farm農場land that is used for growing crops or raising animals
482collection収集the act or process of getting things from different places and bringing them together 
483bandバンドa group of people or animals
484tour旅行a journey through the different parts of a country, region, etc.
485softwareソフトウェアprograms that you use to make a computer do different things
486pair一組、一対two things that are the same and are meant to be used together 
487shipa large boat used for traveling long distances over the sea
488attitude態度the way you act, think and feel about something
489legone of the long body parts that are used especially for standing, walking, and running 
490sentencea group of words that expresses a statement, question, command, or wish Sentences usually contain a subject and verb.
491progress前進movement forward or toward a place 
492truth真実the real facts about something : the things that are true
493speed速度the rate at which someone or something moves or travels
494politics政治activities that relate to influencing the actions and policies of a government or getting and keeping power in a government
495user使用者someone who uses a product, machine, or service
496dinner夕食the main meal of the day
497suitスーツa set of clothes that usually consists of a jacket and a skirt or pair of pants that are made out of the same material 
498percentage割合an amount of something, expressed as a number out of 100
499peace平和freedom from any disturbance; when there is no war or fighting
500status地位the position or rank compared in a society
501crime犯罪an illegal act for which someone can be punished by the government
502decade10年a period of 10 years
503consumer消費者someone who buys or uses goods or services
504favor恩恵、世話a kind or helpful act that you do for someone 
505partner相棒someone's husband or wife or the person someone has sexual relations with
506institution機関a large and important organization, such as a university or bank
507spot場所 a small area of a surface that is different from other areas 
508horsea large animal that is used for riding and for carrying and pulling things
509heatenergy that causes things to become warmer
510reader先導者someone who reads
511importance重要性the quality or state of being important
512distance距離the amount of space between two places or things
513guide案内人a person who leads or directs other people on a journey 
514taxiタクシーa car that carries passengers to a place for an amount of money that is based on the distance traveled
515pain痛みthe physical feeling caused by disease, injury, or something that hurts the body
516sectoran area that includes certain kinds of job
517mistake誤りsomething that is not correct : a wrong action, statement, or judgment
518chief長、主任the person who is the leader of a group of people, of an organization, etc.
519expert専門家a person who is very skillful or knowledgeable
520wavean area of moving water that is raised above the main surface of an ocean, a lake, etc. 
521souththe direction that is the opposite of north
522labor労働work, especially the type of work that needs a lot of physical effort; workers
523surface表面an outside or upper layer of something
524library図書館a place where books, magazines, and other materials (such as videos and musical recordings) are available for people to use or borrow 
525edgethe line or part where an object or area begins or ends 
526campキャンプa place that is usually far away from cities and that has tents, small houses, etc., that people can live in for a short period of time
527audience観衆a group of people who gather together to listen to something (such as a concert) or watch something (such as a movie or play)
528procedure手続きthe official or usual way of doing something
529extent規模the range, distance, or space that is covered or affected by something or included in something 
530rivera large natural flow of water that crosses an area of land that goes into the ocean
531reality現実the way things or situations really are
532photograph写真a picture made by a camera 
533artist芸術家someone who creates art, especially paintings and drawings
534conflict闘争a struggle or fight for an idea, power, property, etc.
535presence存在the fact of being in a particular place : the state of being present
536crowd人混みa large group of people who are together in one place 
537cornerthe point or area where two lines, edges, or sides of something meet 
538gasガソリンa substance (such as oxygen or hydrogen) that is like air and has no fixed shape
539netネットa piece of net used for a particular purpose, such as catching fish or covering something; Internet
540category分類a group of people or things that are similar in some way
541secretary秘書a person whose job is to do routine work for someone else
542defense防御the act of defending someone from attack
543cook料理人someone who prepares and cooks food for eating at home, in a restaurant, etc.
544scale規模a device that is used for weighing people or things 
545driver運転手someone who drives a vehicle
546ballボールa usually round object that is used in a game or sport or as a toy
547introduction導入the act of making a person known to others by name
548requirement要件something that is needed or demanded
549norththe direction that is to your left when you are facing the rising sun
550photo写真a picture made by a camera 
551map地図a picture or chart that shows the rivers, mountains, streets, etc., in a particular area 
552concept概念・発想an abstract idea of something or how it works
553islandan area of land that is surrounded by water
554reform改革when changes are made to improve a system, organization, or law, or a change that is made
555footballサッカーa game in which two teams of players try to kick, run with, or throw an oval ball across each other's goal line; a ball used to play football
556flight飛行a journey in an aircraft; the act of flying
557neighbor隣のa person who lives next to or near another person 
558background背景Sounds or images that are not the main focus; a persons life experience up to now
559technique技術a way of doing by using special knowledge or skill
560traffic交通the cars, trucks, etc. using a road
561improvement改善when something gets better or when you make it better
562tool道具something (such as a hammer, saw, shovel, etc.) that you hold in your hand and use for a particular task 
563consequence結果the result of an action or situation, especially a bad result
564circumstance取り巻く環境a condition or fact affects a situation, environment
565smokethe cloud of black, gray, or white gases and dust that is produced by burning something
566reaction反応something you say, feel, or do because of something that has happened
567rainwater that falls in drops from clouds in the sky
568lesson授業an activity that you do in order to learn something 
569brainthe organ of the body in the head that controls functions, movements, sensations, and thoughts 
570mass巨大a usually large amount of a substance that has no particular shape 
571failure失敗the act or result of failing
572schedule日程a plan of things that will be done
573speakerスピーカーthe part of a radio, CD player, etc. which the sound comes out of; a person who is speaking
574bottomthe lowest part, point, or level of something
575mountainan area of land that rises very high above the land around it and that is higher than a hill 
576marriage結婚the relationship that exists between a husband and a wife
577ticketチケットa piece of paper that allows you to see a show, participate in an event, travel on a vehicle, etc.
578mealご飯the foods eaten or prepared for eating at one time 
579colleague同僚a person you work together or cooperate with
580bagバッグa container made of thin material (such as paper, plastic, or cloth) that opens at the top and is used for holding or carrying things 
581expression表現the act of making your thoughts, feelings, etc., known by speech, writing, or some other method : the act of expressing something
582owner持ち主someone who legally owns something
583plane飛行機a vehicle that flies and has an engine and wings
584lady女性a woman who behaves in a polite way
585duty業務something that is done as part of a job
586strength体力the quality or state of being physically strong
587scheme計画a clever plan to do or get something
588payment支払いthe act of paying; the amount of money that is paid
589birdan animal that has wings and is covered with feathers 
590contribution貢献something that you do or give to help produce or develop something, or to help make something successful
591chapterone of the main sections, periods of a book
592novel小説a book that tells a story about imaginary people and events
593union組合an organization of workers formed to protect the rights
594trend傾向、動向a general direction of developing, proceeding
595pleasure喜びa feeling of happiness, enjoyment, or satisfaction : a pleasant or pleasing feeling 
596suggestion提案an idea about what someone should do or how someone should behave 
597earth地球the planet on which we live
598path小道a track that is made by people or animals walking over the ground 
599topica matter people talk or write about
600beach海辺an area of sand or rocks next to the sea
601flowerthe part of a plant that is often brightly colored, that usually lasts a short time, and from which the seed or fruit develops 
602crisis危機a situation or time that is extremely dangerous or difficult
603boatボートa small vehicle that is used for traveling on water
604fan扇風機a machine or device that is used to move the air and make people or things cooler
605kitchen台所a room in which food is cooked 
606delay遅れるa situation in which something happens later than it should 
607safety安全freedom from harm or danger : the state of being safe 
608engineer技術者a person who has scientific training and who designs and builds complicated products, machines, systems, or structures
609insurance保険an agreement in which a person makes regular payments to a company and the company promises to pay money if the person is injured or dies, or to pay money equal to the value of something (such as a house or car) if it is damaged, lost, or stolen 
610nurse看護師a person who is trained to care for sick or injured people and who usually works in a hospital or doctor's office 
611length長さthe distance from one end of something to the other end 
612investigation調査when officials try to discover all the facts about something, especially a crime or an accident
613packageパッケージa box or large envelope that is sent or delivered usually through the mail or by another delivery service 
614weapon武器something (such as a gun, knife, club, or bomb) that is used for fighting or attacking someone or for defending yourself when someone is attacking you 
615host主催者、(客をもてなす)主人a person (especially a man) who is entertaining guests socially or as a job 
616winterthe coldest season of the year that is after autumn and before spring
617districtan area or section of a country, city, or town
618springthe season between winter and summer
619spiritthe non-physical part of a person, our emotions and soul
620lunch昼食a light meal eaten in the middle of the day
621pool水たまりa small area of water 
622battle戦いa military fight between groups of soldiers, ships, airplanes, etc.
623tradition伝統a way of thinking, behaving that used for a long time
624cash現金money in the form of coins or notes (= paper money)
625awarda prize given to someone for something they have achieved
626coachコーチsomeone whose job is to teach people to improve at a sport, skill, or school subject
627experiment実験a scientific test to observe the effect in order to learn
628consideration考慮something that you have to think about when you make decisions or plans; the act of thinking about something carefully
629code暗号a set of letters or numbers that identifies information
630threat脅かす人・ものsomeone or something that could cause trouble, harm, etc.
631accident事故a sudden event (such as a crash) that is not planned or intended and that causes damage or injury 
632revenue収益money that is made by or paid to a business
633cancera serious disease that is caused when cells in the body grow in a way that is uncontrolled and not normal
634sun太陽the star that the Earth moves around and that gives the Earth heat and light 
635volume音量、巻the amount of sound, a book forming part, series
636location位置a place or position
637actor俳優a person who acts in a play, movie, etc.
638tapeテープa long, narrow piece of material used to stick things
639stonea hard substance that comes from the ground and is used for building, carving, etc. 
640sum合計the result of adding two or more numbers together
641murder殺人犯the crime of deliberately killing a person
642soldier軍人a person who is in the military
643finance財務management of money that a company uses
644egga hard-shelled oval thing from which a young bird is born 
645concertコンサートa performance of music and singing
646shock衝撃a sudden usually unpleasant or upsetting feeling caused by something unexpected 
647wineワインan alcoholic drink made from the juice of grapes
648cameraカメラa device that is used for taking photographs or for making movies, television programs, etc.
649theater劇場a building where plays, shows, etc., are performed on a stage 
650cycle循環a series of regular and repeated actions
651coffeeコーヒーa dark brown drink made from ground coffee beans and boiled water
652museum美術館a building where you can look at important objects connected with art, history, or science
653visitor訪問者someone who visits a person or place 
654freedom自由the state of being free: such as a : the power to do what you want to do : the ability to move or act freely 
655construction建設the work of building houses, offices, bridges, etc.
656objective目的something you are trying to do or achieve; a goal or purpose
657brancha part of a tree that grows out from the trunk 
658vehicle乗り物a machine (such as a car) that is used to carry things
659scientist科学者a person who is trained in a science and whose job involves doing scientific research or solving scientific problems
660routea way to get from one place to another place
661tastethe sweet, sour, bitter, or salty quality of a thing that you can sense when it is in your mouth 
662tonight今夜this night or the night following this day 
663fashion流行a popular way of dressing during a particular time or among a particular group of people 
664danger危険the possibility that you will be hurt or killed 
665bomb爆弾a weapon that explodes and causes damage
666army陸軍a large group of soldiers organized to fight battles on land 
667council評議会a group of people who are chosen to make rules, laws, or decisions about something 
668editor編集者someone whose job is to prepare text, film, etc. by deciding what to include and making mistakes correct
669sight視力the ability to see 
670gift贈り物something that is given to another person or to a group or organization 
671delivery宅配the act of taking something to a person or place
672guestゲストa person who is invited to visit or stay in someone's home 
673bedroom寝室a room used for sleeping 
674violence暴力the use of physical force to harm someone, to damage property, etc.
675minister大臣an official who heads a government department or a major section of a department in some countries
676mouththe opening through which food passes into the body 
677noise騒音a loud or unpleasant sound 
678manner方法the way that something is done or happens 
679gunピストル、鉄砲a weapon that shoots bullets or shells
680square四角形a four-sided shape that is made up of four straight sides that are the same length
681occasion機会a special event or time
682affair業務work or activities done for a purpose
683citizen市民a person who legally belongs to a country and has the rights and protection of that country 
684temperature温度a measurement that indicates how hot or cold something is
685golda soft yellow metal that is very valuable and that is used especially in jewelry
686load積載貨物something that is lifted and carried 
687belief信念a feeling of being sure that someone or something exists or that something is true 
688troop一団、軍隊a group of people, especially soldiers or theater actors
689arrangement合意、取り決めan agreement between two people or groups; a plan
690skinthe natural outer layer of tissue that covers the body of a person or animal 
691prison牢獄a building where people are kept as punishment for a crime or while they are waiting to go to court
692woodthe hard substance that makes up the stems and branches of trees and shrubs 
693teara drop of liquid that comes from your eyes especially when you cry
694representative代表typical of a particular group of people or of a particular thing 
695capacity許容量ability to hold, involve or contain people or things
696border国境a line separating one country or state from another 
697assessment査定、評価the act of making a judgment about something; the act of assessing something
698shoeくつan outer covering for your foot that usually has a stiff bottom part called a sole with a thicker part called a heel attached to it and an upper part that covers part or all of the top of your foot 
699fee謝礼金an amount of money paid for a particular action
700hallホールthe area inside the entrance of a building 
701regulation規制an official rule that controls how something is done
702studioスタジオa room where an artist or photographer works; a place where TV, radio, or movies are made or broadcast
703tourist旅行者someone who visits a place for pleasure and does not live there
704component構成要素、部品one of the parts that consists something
705lawyer弁護士a person whose job is to guide and assist people in matters relating to the law
706cupカップa small round container that often has a handle and that is used for drinking liquids (such as tea and coffee) 
707description描写a statement that tells you how something or someone looks, sounds, etc. : words that describe something or someone
708confidence自信a feeling or belief that you can do something well or succeed at something
709perspective観点a way of thinking, an attitude toward something
710error誤り、エラーsomething that is not correct, a mistake
711register登録簿an official list, book or system for keeping records
712asset貴重な人材、資産a person, skill, or quality which is useful or helps you to succeed; something valuable which is owned
713signal信号an event or act which shows that something exists or that gives information about something
714fingerone of the five long parts of the hand that are used for holding things
715leadership指導権a position as a leader of a group, organization, etc. 
716commitment約束、義務a promise or firm decision to do something; something that you must do that takes your time
717frame骨組み、体格the basic structure and shape of the body of a person or animal 
718bondsomething that is shared between people or groups
719holean opening into or through something
720chaina series of usually metal links or rings that are connected to each other in a line and used for supporting heavy things, for holding things together, for decoration, etc.
721literature文学written works (such as poems, plays, and novels) that are considered to be very good and to have lasting importance
722victim犠牲者someone who has suffered the effects of violence, illness, or bad luck
723division分割one of the parts into which a thing is divided
724device装置an object, machine, or equipment for a specific use
725birth誕生the time when a baby comes out from the body of its mother
726foresta thick growth of trees and bushes that covers a large area
727labelラベルan attached piece of paper used to identify something
728rootthe part of a plant that grows underground, gets water from the ground, and holds the plant in place
729factory工場a building or group of buildings where products are made 
730expense費用the amount of money that is needed to pay for or buy something 
731channelチャンネルa station of TV, or radio
732recommendation推薦a piece of advice about what to do in a particular situation; a suggestion about something that is good in a certain situation
733rank階級、地位a position in a society, organization, group, etc.
734west西the direction where the sun sets; opposite of east
735provision規定a rule that is part of a law or an agreement
736bridgea structure built over something (such as a river) so that people or vehicles can get across 
737graduate卒業生someone who has studied for and received a degree (= qualification) from a school, college, or university
738brand商標a product that is made by a particular company
739combination組み合わせa mixture of different people or things
740abuse乱用the act or practice of abusing someone or something
741icefrozen water 
742master管理人someone who has control or power over others
743session期間a period during which you do one activity
744grade成績a level of study that is completed by a student
745protection保護the state of being kept from harm, loss, etc.
746shot打つwhen a bullet is fired from a gun; a photograph; an attempt to score in sports by throwing or kicking a ball
747appearance外見the way that someone or something looks
748guarantee保障a assurance that the quality of something is good
749themeテーマthe main subject to discuss or describe
750judgment判決an opinion about someone or something that is decided after thinking carefully
751loanローンan amount of money that is given to someone for a period of time with a promise that it will be paid back
752definition定義an explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase
753atmosphere雰囲気the feeling which exists in a place or situation
754farmer農夫someone who owns or looks after a farm
755comparison比較the act of looking at things to see how they are similar or different 
756characteristic特徴a typical or obvious quality that makes one person or thing different from others
757license免許to give someone official permission to do or have something
758identity身元、独自性who someone is; the things that make one person or group of people different from others
759deska piece of furniture that is like a table and often has drawers ◊People often sit at desks when they are writing or using a computer. 
760commission任務people who are given the job of doing something
761association協会、組合an organized group of people who have the same interest
762instrument器具、楽器 a tool or device used for a particular purpose 
763investor投資家someone who puts money in a bank, business, etc. in order to make a profit
764teaa drink that is made by soaking the dried leaves of an Asian plant in hot water 
765rowa straight line of people or things that are next to each other
766youth青年時代、若いころthe time of life when someone is young : the time when a young person has not yet become an adult 
767lock錠前a device that keeps something (such as a door, window, or box) from being opened and that is usually opened by using a key
768fuel燃料a substance that is burned to provide heat or power
769expectation期待when you expect something to happen
770employment雇用when someone is paid to work for a person or company
771shoulderthe part of your body where your arm is connected 
772breaththe air that you take into your lungs and send out from your lungs when you breathe
773bottleボトルa glass or plastic container that has a narrow neck and usually has no handle Bottles are usually used to store liquid or tablets.
774sheetシーツa large piece of cloth that is used to cover something 
775engineエンジンa machine that changes energy (such as heat from burning fuel) into mechanical motion 
776notion考えan idea or opinion about doing something
777journeyan act of traveling from one place to another : trip 
778opposition反対actions or opinions that show that you disagree with or disapprove of someone or something 
779relief安堵a pleasant and relaxed feeling that someone has when something unpleasant stops or does not happen
780debt借金an amount of money that you owe to a person, bank, company, etc.
781honor名誉respect that is given to someone who is admired
782outcome結果something that happens as a result, consequence
783explanation説明the details or reasons that someone gives to make something clear or easy to understand
784dadパパfather
785fruitくだものa usually sweet food (such as a blueberry, orange, or apple) that grows on a tree or bush 
786witness証人a person who sees something (such as a crime) happen 
787mail郵便the system used for sending letters and packages from one person to another 
788researcher研究者a person who studies a subject in detail in order to discover new information about it
789selection選択when someone or something is chosen; a thing or person who is chosen
790participant参加者someone who is involved in an activity
791vision視覚the ability to see, sight, eyesight
792personality人柄the way you are as a person
793entry入場when you come into or go into a place
794fellow仲間used to describe people who belong to the same group or class or who share a situation, experience, etc.
795tip先端the end of something that is usually long and thin
796discount値引きa reduction in price
797peak頂点the highest level or value of something; the top of a mountain
798chairman議長the person (especially a man) who is in charge of a meeting, committee, or event 
799proportion割合an amount that is a part of a whole thing
800earthe part of the body that you hear with 
801yardan outdoor area that is next to a house and is usually covered by grass
802hilla usually rounded area of land that is higher than the land around it but that is not as high as a mountain 
803instruction指示something that you have been told to do
804intelligence知能the ability to learn things or to consider situations
805folk人々people
806guard護衛するa state in which someone is carefully looking for possible danger, threats, problems, etc. 
807cata small animal that is related to lions and tigers and that is often kept by people as a pet 
808presentationプレゼンテーションa talk giving information about something
809joint関節a point where two bones meet in the body 
810poll世論調査when people are asked questions to discover what they think about a subject; a survey
811faith信仰、信条strong belief or trust in someone or something 
812reduction縮小the act of making something smaller in size, amount, number, etc. : the act of reducing something
813complaint不平a statement that you are unhappy or not satisfied with something
814mission任務an important job, usually traveling somewhere
815tone音質the quality of a sound, especially of someone's voice
816neighborhood隣人the people who live near each other or a section of a town or city
817passenger乗客a person who is traveling from one place to another in a car, bus, train, ship, airplane, etc., and who is not driving or working on it 
818justice裁判、裁きthe process or result of using laws to fairly judge and punish crimes and criminals 
819phase段階a distinct part or step in a process
820religion宗教the belief in a god
821employer雇用者a person or company that pays people to work for them
822platea flat and usually round dish that is used for eating or serving food
823protest抗議when people show that they disagree with something by standing somewhere, shouting, carrying signs, etc.
824index索引a written or printed order list
825circlea perfectly round shape : a line that is curved so that its ends meet and every point on the line is the same distance from the center 
826impression印象an idea, feeling, or opinion about something or someone
827joke冗談something said or done to cause laughter
828skythe space over the Earth where the sun, moon, stars, and clouds appear
829columnone of the vertical blocks of print into which a page of a newspaper, magazine, dictionary or spreadsheet, is divided
830coast海岸the land along or near a sea or ocean
831legislation法律a law or a set of laws
832countyan area of Britain, Ireland, or the US that has its own local government
833assistant助手、補佐someone whose job is to help a person who has a more important job
834chartチャートa table or diagram that shows information
835hell地獄according to some religions, the place where bad people go when they die; a very unpleasant experience
836household世帯a family or group of people who live together in a house
837reward報酬money or another kind of payment that is given or received for something that has been done or that is offered for something that might be done
838eastthe direction where the sun rises
839hat帽子a covering for the head that often has a brim and a rounded or flat top 
840voter有権者someone who votes or who is officially allowed to vote
841wage賃金an amount of money that a worker is paid based on the number of hours, days, etc., that are worked 
842absence欠如a state or condition in which something expected, wanted, or looked for is not present or does not exist
843remark発言the act of noticing or making a comment about something
844medicinea substance that is used in treating disease or relieving pain and that is usually in the form of a pill or a liquid
845professor教授a teacher of high rank in a university or college
846intention意図 the thing that you plan to do or achieve : an aim or purpose 
847dozenダースa group of 12 people or things
848settlement和解an official agreement that finishes an argument
849gapa space between two people or things 
850estate私有地land that a person owns
851victory勝利success in defeating an opponent or enemy
852critic批評家a person who gives opinions about something
853emotion感情a feeling such as love or anger, or strong feelings in general
854enemysomeone who hates another : someone who attacks or tries to harm another
855milk牛乳,ミルクa white liquid produced by a woman to feed her baby or by female animals to feed their young 
856talent才能a natural ability to do something
857smellにおいthe quality of a thing that you can sense with your nose
858priority優先the fact that is more important than other things
859phraseフレーズa group of words which are often used together and have a particular meaning
860pilotパイロットsomeone who flies an aircraft
861resolution決議an official decision that is made after a group or organization have voted
862injuryけがdamage to someone's body in an accident or attack
863exhibition展示会when objects such as paintings are shown to the public
864producer生産者a company, country, or person that makes goods or grows food; someone who controls how a film, play, program, or musical recording is made
865incident事件an event, especially one that is bad or unusual
866childhood子どもの頃the period of time when a person is a child
867draft原稿、原案、下絵a former version of something to make final
868politician政治家someone who is active in government usually as an elected official
869seeda small object produced by a plant from which a new plant can grow 
870salary給料an amount of money that an employee is paid each year
871breakfast朝食the first meal of the day
872lakea large area of water that is surrounded by land 
873habit癖、習慣a usual way of behaving : something that a person does often in a regular and repeated 
874diskディスクa flat, round shape or object; a CD or DVD
875corethe central part of something that is important
876aircraft飛行機a vehicle that can fly
877self自身、自我the person that someone normally or truly is — used to describe the way someone acts or feels
878metal金属a substance (such as gold, tin, or copper) that usually has a shiny appearance, is a good conductor of electricity and heat, can be melted, and is usually capable of being shaped 
879existence存在the state of being real 
880boneany one of the hard pieces that form the frame (called a skeleton) inside a person's or animal's body 
881panelパネルa group of people who answer questions or give opinions
882appointment予約a time you have arranged to meet someone or go somewhere
883initiative取り組みa plan or activity that is done to solve a problem or improve a situation
884diet食事、ダイエットthe type of food that someone usually eats; when someone eats less food to lose weight or because of a medical problem
885motion動きan act or process of moving
886gray灰色having a color between black and white : having a color that is like the color of smoke
887plasticプラスチックa light, artificial substance that can be made into different shapes when it is soft and is used in a lot of different ways
888discipline訓練、しつけ、折檻control that is gained by requiring that rules or orders be obeyed and punishing bad behavior 
889boss社長someone who is responsible for employees and tells them what to do
890assumption思い込みsomething that you think is true without having any proof
891passage通路a long, narrow space that connects one place to another 
892reputation評判the common opinion that people have about someone or something : the way in which people think of someone or something
893negotiation交渉when people try to make or change an agreement by discussion
894mechanismメカニズムa piece of machinery : a mechanical part or group of parts having a particular function 
895coatコートan outer piece of clothing that can be long or short and that is worn to keep warm or dry 
896democracy民主主義a system of government in which people elect their leaders, or a country with this system
897pocketポケットa usually small cloth bag that is sewn into a piece of clothing, a larger bag, etc., and that is open at the top or side so that you can put things into it 
898observation観察when someone watches someone or something carefully
899meatthe flesh of an animal used as food 
900concentration集中力the ability to think carefully about something you are doing and nothing else
901implication暗示、影響a result or effect that seems likely in the future; something suggested without being said directly
902classicクラシック、古典something popular or famous for a long time
903king王様a male ruler of a country who usually inherits his position and rules for life
904interaction交流the activity of talking and doing things with other people, or the way you do this
905disha shallow container that you cook or serve food in 
906soulthe spiritual part of a person that is believed to give life to the body and in many religions is believed to live forever 
907emergency緊急a serious or dangerous situation that needs immediate action
908manufacturer製造業者a company that manufactures something
909breast乳房one of the two soft, round parts on a woman's chest
910accommodation宿泊施設a place where you live or stay
911reporterレポーターdescribes the news on television, radio, or in a newspaper
912climate気候the weather conditions that an area usually has
913shirtシャツa piece of clothing for the upper body that has sleeves and usually a collar and buttons down the front 
914exception例外someone or something that is different from others : someone or something that is not included 
915corporation企業a large company or group of companies
916chipポテトチップ、チップa piece of potato that is cooked in oil; a microchip in a computer
917winner勝者someone who wins a game, competition, or election
918tennisテニスa sport in which two or four people hit a small ball to each other over a net
919output生産高the amount of something that is produced
920beautythe quality of being physically attractive
921mousea very small animal that has a pointed nose and a long, thin tail 
922mathematics数学the study or science of numbers and shapes
923creation創作、作品when someone makes something happen or exist; something that someone has made
924outline概要a written list or description of only the most important parts of an essay, speech, plan, etc. 
925luckthe things that happen to a person because of chance
926illness病気a disease of the body or mind; sickness
927journalistジャーナリストsomeone whose job is journalism
928advertisement, ad広告a picture, short film, song, etc. which tries to persuade people to buy a product or service:
929comfort快適さa state or situation in which you are relaxed and do not have any physically unpleasant feelings caused by pain, heat, cold, etc. 
930gene遺伝子a part of a cell that is passed on from a parent to a child and that controls particular characteristics
931prospect見込みthe possibility that something will happen
932snowゆきsoft, white pieces of frozen water that fall to the ground from the sky in cold weather 
933plot構想、陰謀the things that happen in a story; a plan to do something bad
934neckthe part of the body between the head and the shoulders 
935criterion判断基準a fact or level of quality that you use when making a choice or decision
936criticism批評a negative comment; judgments and opinions on books, plays, films, etc.
937convention会議、大会a large formal meeting of people with the same interest or work
938sequence順序the order in which things (should) happen
939volunteerボランティアsomeone who does something without being forced to do it
940examination試験、検査when someone looks at something very carefully; an exam
941silence静けさa lack of sound or noise
942revolution革命the attempt by many people to end the rule of one government
943delight歓喜a strong feeling of happiness : great pleasure or satisfaction 
944premise前提an idea that you use to support another theory
945proteinタンパク質food such as meat, cheese, fish, or eggs that is necessary for the body to grow and be strong
946bikeバイク、自転車bicycle; motorbike / motorcycle
947unemployment失業the number of people who are without jobs; not having a job
948wheelタイヤone of the round parts underneath a car, wagon, etc., that rolls and allows something to move 
949crop農作物a plant or plant product that is grown by farmers 
950minority少数派a part of a group which is less than half of the whole group, often much less
951origin起源the point or place where something begins or is created
952interpretation解説an explanation or opinion of what something means
953gentleman紳士a man who treats other people in a proper and polite way 
954dramaドラマa play that is performed on stage, theater, or TV
955landscape地形the appearance of an area of land, especially in the countryside
956toyおもちゃsomething a child plays with 
957fault責任responsibility for a problem, mistake, bad situation, etc. 
958storman occurrence of bad weather in which there is a lot of rain, snow, etc., and often strong winds
959achievement達成when you succeed in doing something good, usually by working hard
960supplier供給者a company or person who provides things that people want or need
961prizesomething that is won in a contest or given as an award 
962peer同級生、同僚someone who is the same age, or who has the same social position or abilities as other members of a group
963pension年金money that a person receives after retirement
964winga part of an animal's body that is used for flying or gliding
965acquisition取得、獲得the process of learning or getting something; something you have bought
966laughter笑いthe action or sound of laughing
967recognition認識the act of accepting that something is true or important or that it exists 
968electricity電気a type of energy that can produce light and heat, or make machines work
969assistance援助help
970roof屋根the cover or top of a building, vehicle, etc. 
971retirement引退when you leave your job and stop working, usually because you are old
972variation差異a difference in amount or quality
973proof証明something which shows that something else is true or correct
974soilthe top layer of earth in which plants grow
975layerreferring to one of several sheets of a material or object
976toothone of the hard white objects inside the mouth that are used for biting and chewing
977representation代表speaking or doing something officially for another person
978preparation準備the things that you do or the time that you spend preparing for something
979dispute論争a disagreement, especially one that lasts a long time
980agenda議題a list of subjects that people will discuss at a meeting
981emphasis強調a special quality in the way something is said
982editiona book, newspaper, etc. that is one of several that are the same and were produced at the same time
983silvera soft grayish-white metal that is very valuable and is used to make jewelry, coins, knives, forks, etc. 
984entertainment娯楽shows, films, television, or other performances or activities that entertain people
985wireワイヤーa thin, flexible thread of metal
986publication出版the process of producing a book, magazine
987framework枠組みthe basic structure of something
988zone地帯an area where a particular thing happens:
989inchインチa unit of measurement equal to 1⁄36 yard or 1⁄12 of a foot (2.54 centimeters)
990enterprise企業a business or organization
991governor知事a person who is the leader of the government of a state, province, etc. 
992uniformユニフォームsame designed clothing that identifies belongings
993porta town or an area of a town next to water where ships arrive and leave from
994arrival到着when someone or something arrives somewhere
995gatea place in a wall or a fence that has a movable part which can be opened or closed like a door 
996ease緩和、楽であることfreedom from pain or trouble : comfort of body or mind 
997beerビールan alcoholic drink made from grain, or a glass or container of this drink
998profileプロフィールa short description of someone's life, character, work, etc.
999mood気分the way someone feels at a particular time
1000episodeエピソードone program of a series shown on television; a single event or period of time
1001symptom症状a problem that is caused by and shows a more serious problem
1002era時代a period of time in history that is special for a particular reason
1003coverage報道the way a newspaper, television program, etc. reports an event or subject
1004tension緊張a feeling that you are nervous, worried, and not relaxed
1005cableケーブルa wire covered by plastic that carries electricity, telephone signals, etc.
1006prisoner囚人someone who is being kept in prison as a punishment, or because they have been caught by an enemy
1007welfare福祉a program for poor or unemployed people help living
1008stringa long, thin piece of twisted thread that you use to attach things, tie things together, or hang things
1009clouda white or gray mass in the sky that is made of many very small drops of water
1010crew乗員a team of people with special skills who work together
1011phenomenon現象a fact that can observed and studied
1012pupil生徒a child or young person who is being taught : student 
1013formula公式a plan, rule or method for doing or making something
1014routine毎日の決まった仕事the things you regularly do and how and when you do them
1015heroヒーローsomeone who does something brave or good which people respect or admire them for
1016supporter支持者someone who supports a particular idea, group, or person; a sports fan
1017meterメーターa piece of equipment for measuring the amount of something such as electricity, time, or light
1018truckトラックa large road vehicle for carrying goods from place to place
1019nosethe part of the face or head through which a person or animal smells and breathes 
1020disaster災害something that causes a lot of harm or damage; a very bad situation or result
1021paceペースthe speed at which someone or something moves or does something
1022terroristテロリストsomeone who is involved in terrorism
1023depression落ち込み、鬱病when you feel very unhappy, or a mental illness that makes you feel very unhappy
1024momままmother
1025distinction違い、区別a difference between two similar things
1026satisfaction満足a happy or pleased feeling because of something that you did or something that happened to you
1027obligation義務something that you do because it is your duty or because you feel you have to
1028sir(男性への丁寧な呼び掛け)旦那様used without a name as a form of polite address to a man you do not know
1029anger怒りa strong feeling of being upset or annoyed because of something wrong or bad
1030pubパブa place where you can get drinks such as beer and usually food
1031perception見識what you think or believe about someone or something
1032currency通貨the money system that a country uses
1033databaseデータベースinformation stored in a computer in an organized structure so that it can be searched in different ways
1034territory領土land that is owned or controlled by a particular country
1035stream小川a natural flow of water that is smaller than a river 
1036height身長a measurement of how tall a person or thing is; the distance from the bottom to the top of a person or thing
1037expansion拡大when something increases in size or amount
1038muscle筋肉one of many pieces of tissue in the body that are connected to bones and which produce movement by becoming longer or shorter
1039boundary境界something (such as a river, a fence, or an imaginary line) that shows where an area ends and another area begins 
1040ratio比率the quantitative relationship in size, etc.
1041essayエッセイa short piece of writing about a particular subject, especially one written by a student
1042pollution汚染damage caused to water, air, etc. by harmful substances or waste
1043disorder疾患、騒動a disease or mental problem; uncontrolled, bad behavior, especially by large groups of people
1044furniture家具chairs, tables, beds, etc., that are used to make a room ready for use 
1045symbol象徴an action, object that represents a particular idea or quality
1046apartmentアパートa set of rooms for someone to live in on one level of a building or house
1047demonstrationデモ、実演a protest in which people march or stand together; showing how to do something, or how something works
1048analystアナリストsomeone whose job is to examine the details of a situation carefully, and give their opinion about it
1049platform演壇、プラットホームa raised surface for people to stand on, especially when they are speaking to a lot of people; the area in a railway station where you get on and off the train
1050steela strong, hard metal made of iron and carbon 
1051cakeケーキa sweet baked food made from a mixture of flour, sugar, and other ingredients (such as eggs and butter) 
1052woundan injury that is caused when a knife, bullet, etc., cuts or breaks the skin
1053restriction制限a rule or law that limits what people can do
1054foundation設立the action of establishing an organization
1055designerデザイナー、設計者someone who draws and plans how something will be made
1056strain緊張、張った状態when you feel worried and nervous about something
1057innovation革新a new idea or method that is being tried for the first time, or the use of such ideas or methods
1058albumアルバムseveral songs or pieces of music on a CD or record; a book in which you keep photographs, stamps, etc.
1059singer歌手someone who sings
1060trail小道a path through the countryside, often where people walk
1061trap罠、仕掛けa device that is used for catching animals 
1062extension拡張the act of making something longer or greater 
1063wealth裕福a large amount of money and possessions 
1064tankタンクa large container for storing liquid or gas
1065tune旋律a series of musical notes that produce a pleasing sound when played or sung 
1066grassplants that have narrow green leaves, that are eaten by cows, sheep, horses, etc., and that are commonly grown on lawns and in gardens 
1067invitation招待when someone invites you to do something or go somewhere
1068transition推移when something changes from one system or method to another, often gradually
1069bid努力、入札an attempt to achieve something; an offer to pay a particular amount of money for something
1070breed(動物の)種類、品種a type of dog, sheep, pig, etc.
1071adviserアドバイザーsomeone whose job is to give advice about a subject
1072stemthe main long and thin part of a plant that rises above the soil and supports the leaves and flowers 
1073mode方法a particular form, way or type of something
1074mirrora piece of glass with a shiny metallic material on one side which produces an image of anything that is in front of it
1075poema piece of writing that usually has figurative language and that is written in separate lines that often have a repeated rhythm and sometimes rhyme 
1076competitor競争相手someone who is trying to win or do better than all others especially in business or sports : someone who is competing 
1077alcoholアルコールdrinks such as wine and beer that can make you drunk
1078festival祭りa series of special events, performances, etc. that often takes place over several days
1079vegetable野菜a plant that you eat, for example potatoes, onions, beans, etc.
1080vanバンa vehicle that is used for carrying things but which is smaller than a truck
1081planet惑星a large, round object in space that moves around the sun or another star
1082curve曲線a smooth, rounded line, shape, path, etc. 
1083kneethe joint that bends at the middle of your leg
1084webウェブpart of the Internet that consists of all the connected websites (= pages of text and pictures); a spider's net used to catch insects
1085depth深さa distance below a surface
1086entrance入口the act of entering something
1087log丸太a long, heavy section of a tree that has fallen or been cut down 
1088god神様the creator and ruler of the universe
1089portion部分a part of a whole
1090substance物質a material of a particular kind 
1091independence独立when someone looks after themselves and does not need money, help, or permission from other people
1092sugar砂糖a sweet substance usually in the form of white or brown crystals or white powder that comes from plants and is used to make foods sweeter
1093harmphysical or mental damage or injury : something that causes someone or something to be hurt, broken, made less valuable or successful, etc. 
1094shadowa dark shape that appears on a surface when someone or something moves between the surface and a source of light 
1095intervention介入when someone intervenes, especially to prevent something from happening
1096exam試験a test of how much you know about something, or how well you can do something; a series of medical tests
1097vice悪徳something bad that someone often does; crime that involves sex or drugs
1098dimension寸法a measurable extent of length, width, or height
1099infection感染症a disease in a part of your body that is caused by bacteria or a virus
1100jacketジャケットa short coat
1101efficiency効率the ability to do something or produce something without wasting materials, time, or energy
1102statistic統計a number that represents a piece of information
1103resortリゾートa place where many people go for a holiday
1104iron鉄分、鉄a heavy type of metal that is very common, occurs naturally in blood, and is used to make steel and in many products 
1105membership会員the state of belonging to or being a part of a group or an organization : the state of being a member
1106breadパンa baked food made from a mixture of flour and water
1107ally同盟someone who supports you, especially when other people are against you; a country that has agreed to help another country, especially in a war
1108quantityan amount or number of something
1109alarmアラームa loud noise that warns you of danger or is used to wake you
1110flood洪水a large amount of water covering an area of land that is usually dry 
1111poverty貧困the state of being poor 
1112gender性別the state of being male or female
1113bootブーツa strong shoe that covers your foot and part of your leg
1114dealer販売業者a person or company that buys and sells things for profit
1115buttonボタンa small, usually round piece of plastic, glass, metal, etc., that is sewn to a piece of clothing and is pushed through a loop or hole to fasten one part of the clothing to another part 
1116burden負担something difficult or unpleasant that you have to deal with or worry about
1117desert砂漠an area of very dry land that is usually covered with sand and is very hot 
1118mate仲間a friend; an animal's sexual partner
1119shareholder株主someone who owns shares (stock) in a company
1120bowla round container that has tall, curving sides and that is used for preparing or serving foods and liquids 
1121discovery発見the act of finding or learning something for the first time
1122resistance抵抗refusal to accept something new or different
1123bath入浴the act of washing the body usually by sitting or lying in a container filled with water 
1124frequency頻発the fact or condition of happening often : common occurrence 
1125philosophy哲学a study of ideas about the fundamental nature of life
1126lipeither one of the two soft parts that surround the mouth 
1127approval承認when you think that something or someone is good or right; official permission
1128involvement関与when someone or something is involved in an activity or event
1129exposureさらす/触れることwhen someone experiences something or is affected by it because they are in a particular situation or place
1130formation形成the development of something into a particular thing or shape
1131deposit預金a payment that you make immediately when you decide to buy something, as proof that you will really buy it
1132advocate主唱者a person who argues for or supports a cause or policy
1133establishment機関、設立an organization or business; when an organization, school, business, etc. is started
1134summary要約a brief statement that gives the most important info
1135penペンa writing instrument that uses ink 
1136recovery回復when a system or situation or person returns to the way it was before something bad happened
1137sealアシカ、アザラシan animal with smooth fur that eats fish and lives near the sea
1138tubea long, hollow object that is used especially to control the flow of a liquid or gas 
1139towerタワーa tall, narrow building or structure that may stand apart from or be attached to another building or structure
1140operatorオペレーターa person who uses and controls something (such as a machine, device, or business): someone who operates something
1141infant幼児a baby or very young child
1142anglethe difference between the direction of two lines or surfaces that come together: the space or shape formed when two lines or surfaces meet each other 
1143chicken鶏肉a bird that is raised by people for its eggs and meat 
1144anxiety不安fear or nervousness about what might happen
1145virusウイルスan infectious organism too small to be seen that causes disease, or an illness that it causes; a harmful computer program
1146rivalライバルa person or thing that tries to defeat or be more successful than another 
1147offense犯行a criminal act; something that causes a person to be hurt, angry, or upset 
1148teenager10代のsomeone who is between 13 and 19 years old
1149surgery手術when a doctor cuts your body open and repairs or removes something
1150musicianミュージシャンa person who writes, sings, or plays music
1151significance意義、重要性the importance or meaning of something
1152showerシャワーa device that produces a spray of water for you to stand under and wash your body 
1153charity慈善an official organization that gives money, food, or help to people who need it; money, food, or other help
1154cigaretteたばこa thin tube of paper filled with tobacco, that people smoke
1155consultantコンサルタントsomeone who advises people about a particular subject
1156historian歴史家someone who studies or writes about history
1157cousinいとこa child of your uncle or aunt
1158twin双子one of two children who are born to the same mother at the same time
1159forecast予測a report saying what is likely to happen in the future
1160segment部分one of the parts that something can be divided into
1161custom慣習an action or way of behaving that is usual and traditional among the people in a particular group or place
1162sandthe very tiny, loose pieces of rock that cover beaches, deserts, etc. 
1163cap帽子a small, soft hat that often has a hard curved part (called a visor) that extends out over your eyes 
1164charm魅力a quality that causes someone or something to be very likable : an attractive quality 
1165lecture講義a talk or speech about a particular subject
1166venture冒険a new activity that may not be successful
1167mess乱雑、混乱someone or something that is a mess, or is in a mess, is dirty or untidy; a confused or difficult situation
1168preference好みa feeling of liking or wanting one person or thing more than another person or thing
1169incentiveやる気、動機付けsomething that encourages a person to work hard
1170leagueリーグa group of teams which compete against each other in a sport
1171dialog対話a short conversation, especially written
1172creamクリームa very thick liquid or soft substance that is rubbed into the skin to make it softer or is used as a medicine for the skin
1173margin余白the edge or border of a page on above, below
1174opponent対戦相手、反対者someone who you compete against in a game or competition; someone who disagrees with an idea or action
1175capability能力the ability or power to do something
1176stroke脳卒中a serious illness caused when a blood vessel in your brain suddenly breaks or is blocked 
1177barrier障害something that prevents people from doing what they want to do
1178divorce離婚するwhen two people officially stop being married
1179counsel弁護士、助言a lawyer; advice
1180tendency傾向something that someone often does, or something that often happens
1181motorモーターa machine that produces motion or power for doing work
1182survival生き残ることwhen someone or something continues to live or exist, especially after a difficult or dangerous situation
1183permission許可the right or ability to do something that is given by someone who has the power to decide if it will be allowed or permitted 
1184valleyan area of low land between hills or mountains 
1185evolution進化the way in which living things gradually change and develop over millions of years; a gradual process of change and development
1186awareness意識when you know about something
1187slave奴隷someone who is legally owned by another person and is forced to work for that person without pay
1188architecture建築the design and style of buildings; the profession of designing buildings
1189journal日記a book for recording personal experiences and thoughts
1190coal石炭a black or brownish-black hard substance within the earth that is used as a fuel
1191measurement測定、寸法the process of measuring something; the size and shape of something
1192illustrationイラスト、例a picture in a book, magazine, etc.; an example that explains or proves something
1193privilege特権an advantage that only one person or group has, usually because of their position or because they are rich
1194buyer買い手someone who buys something
1195rail手すり、レールa bar that goes from one post or support to another and that is used to form a barrier 
1196laboratory研究室a room used for scientific work
1197mortgage抵当money that you borrow to buy a home
1198promotion促進、昇進when someone is given a more important job in the same organization; an advertising campaign or sale
1199passion情熱a strong belief in something or a strong feeling about a subject; sexual feelings
1200championチャンピオンa person, animal, or team that wins a competition
1201dustfine dry powder that builds up inside buildings on surfaces that have not recently been cleaned 
1202skirtスカートa piece of clothing worn by women and girls that hangs from the waist down
1203provinceone of the large areas which some countries are divided into because of the type of government they have
1204evaluation評価the act of forming an opinion of the amount, value or quality of something after thinking about it carefully
1205weakness弱点when someone or something is not strong or powerful; a part of something or someone that is not good
1206announcement発表、告知something that someone says officially, giving information about something
1207salta natural white substance that is used especially to flavor or preserve food 
1208opera歌劇a musical play in which most of the words are sung
1209contestコンテストa competition or election
1210brush刷毛a tool with many stiff hairs, fibers, etc., that is used for cleaning, smoothing, or painting something
1211gallery画廊a room or building that is used for showing paintings and other art to the public
1212chestthe front part of the body between the neck and the stomach 
1213format書式、形式the form, design, or arrangement of something
1214pumpポンプa device that forces liquid, air, or gas into or out of something 
1215publisher出版社a company or person who prepares and prints books, newspapers, magazines, etc.
1216celebrationお祝いwhen you celebrate a special day or event
1217golfゴルフa game on grass where players try to hit a small ball into a series of holes using a long, thin stick
1218compensation賠償money that you pay to someone because you are responsible for injuring them or damaging something; money paid for work
1219deficit赤字the amount by which the money that you spend is more than the money that you receive
1220flashひらめき、閃光a sudden bright light 
1221friendship友情the state of being friends : the relationship between friends
1222profession専門a type of job that requires special education or skill
1223equation方程式when you show that two amounts are equal using mathematical symbols
1224gestureジェスチャーa movement you make with your hand, arm, or head to express what you are thinking or feeling
1225inflationインフレthe rate at which prices increase, or a continuing increase in prices
1226therapy治療the work of treating mental or physical illness without using an operation
1227orangeオレンジa citrus fruit that is round and that has an orange skin 
1228personnel職員the people who work for an organization
1229imagination想像the ability to create ideas or pictures in your mind
1230throatthe tube inside the neck that leads to the stomach and lungs
1231insight洞察力the capacity to understand something very clearly
1232expenditure出費when you use energy, time, or money
1233joy楽しさ a feeling of great happiness
1234gearギア、衣服a set of parts in a vehicle or bicycle that control how fast the wheels turn; the clothes and equipment used for a particular purpose
1235poet詩人a person who writes poems
1236fortune大金a very large amount of money
1237ceremony式典a formal act or event that is a part of a social or religious occasion
1238pile山(積み重ね)a group of things that are put one on top of another 
1239pigan animal that has a fat body with short legs, a small tail, and a wide nose and that is raised on a farm or lives in the wild
1240mixture混合物something made by combining two or more ingredients 
1241scholar学者someone who has studied a subject and knows a lot about it
1242stake賭ける、出資金If something is at stake, it is in a situation where it might be lost or damaged; an amount of money invested in a business
1243creature生き物an animal of any type 
1244partnership連携when two people or organizations work together to achieve something
1245participation参加the act of taking part in an activity or event
1246clause主節a part of a sentence that has its own subject
1247penaltya punishment for doing something which is against a law or rule
1248chamber議会場、部屋a room used for an official or special purpose
1249poetrypoems in general, or the writing of poetry
1250clothing衣類clothes, especially of a particular type
1251sake利益、~のためthe benefit of someone or something — used in phrases with for to say that something is done to help a particular person or thing
1252shelfa flat board which is attached to a wall, frame, etc., and on which objects can be placed 
1253boost後押しsomething that makes you feel more confident and happy, or that helps something increase or improve
1254tailしっぽthe part of an animal's body that extends from the animal's back end 
1255possession所有物the condition of having or owning something 
1256abortion中絶a medical operation to end a pregnancy when the baby is still too small to live
1257boom好況、ブーン音a period when there is a big increase in sales or profits; a loud, deep sound
1258tale話、物語a story, especially one which is not true or is difficult to believe
1259maintenance保守the work that is done to keep something in good condition
1260potポットa deep, round container that is used for cooking 
1261cowa large animal that is raised by people for milk or meat usually on a farm 
1262constraint制約something that limits what you can do
1263binごみ箱a container that is used to put waste in; a container for storing things
1264scope範囲、領域the area that is included in or dealt with
1265diversity多様性when many different types of things or people are included in something
1266pride誇りa feeling that you respect yourself and deserve to be respected by other people
1267inquiry照会a request for information 
1268craft工作an activity in which you make something using a lot of skill, especially with your hands; a boat, airplane, or spaceship
1269concreteコンクリートa hard substance that is used in building and is made by mixing sand, water, small stones, and cement
1270shellthe hard outer covering of an animal, insect, etc., that protects it 
1271humorユーモアthe ability to laugh and recognize that something is funny
1272limitation制限when something is controlled so that it is less than a particular amount or number
1273indication兆候、印a sign showing that something exists or is likely to be true
1274stability安定性when something is not likely to change or move
1275jail牢屋a place where criminals are kept as a punishment
1276shelter避難所a structure that covers or protects people or things
1277carbon炭素a chemical element present in all animals and plants and in coal and oil (symbol C)
1278cheeseチーズa yellow or white solid food that is made from milk
1279trigger引き金a lever on a gun that you pull to fire
1280pipeパイプa long, hollow tube for carrying water, steam, gas, etc. 
1281destruction破壊the act or process of damaging something so badly that it no longer exists or cannot be repaired 
1282guitarギターa musical instrument with strings that you play by pulling the strings with your fingers or a piece of plastic
1283flaga piece of cloth with a special design that is used as a symbol of a nation or group 
1284pianoピアノa large wooden musical instrument with strings inside and black and white bars that produce sounds when you press them
1285magic魔法special powers that can make things happen that seem impossible
1286mysterysomething that is not known 
1287skiスキーone of a pair of long, thin pieces of wood or plastic that you wear on the bottom of boots to move over snow
1288menuメニューa list of food and drinks that you can order in a restaurant; a list of choices on a computer or electronic device
1289speciesa group of plants or animals which share similar characteristics
1290moonthe large round object that circles the Earth and that shines at night by reflecting light from the sun 
1291airline航空a company that provides regular flights to places
1292amendment改正a change in the words of a document, or the process of doing this
1293grandmother祖母the mother of your mother or father
1294jury陪審a group of people in a court of law who decide if someone is guilty or not
1295cooperation協力when you work together with someone or do what they ask you
1296civilian民間人someone who is not a member of a military organization or the police
1297composition構成the way in which something is put together or arranged 
1298coin硬貨a small, flat, and usually round piece of metal issued by a government as money
1299buncha group of things of the same kind that are held or tied together or that grow together 
1300sanction制裁a punishment for not obeying a rule or a law
1301trick巧妙な技an action that is meant to deceive someone
1302paragraph段落a section of writing that usually deals with one subject
1303maker製作者the person or company that makes a product
1304chocolateチョコレートa sweet, brown food that is made from cocoa
1305beltベルトa band of material (such as leather) that is worn around a person's waist
1306potatoじゃがいもa round vegetable with a brown, yellow, or red skin that grows in the ground
1307narrative物語a story or description of a series of events
1308tissueティッシュペーパー、組織the material that animals and plants are made of; a soft piece of paper that you use for cleaning your nose
1309tourism観光事業the business of providing services for tourists, including organizing their travel, hotels, entertainment, etc.
1310proプロsomeone who earns money for playing a sport
1311stair階段a series of steps that go from one level or floor to another 
1312motivation意欲、動機enthusiasm for doing something; the need or reason for doing something
1313interior内側the inside part of something
1314stomachthe organ in your body where food goes and begins to be digested after you swallow it 
1315championship選手権a competition to find the best team or player in a particular game or sport
1316servant使用人a person who is hired to do household or personal duties such as cleaning and cooking 
1317immigrant移民someone who comes to live in a different country
1318excess余分an amount that is more than the usual or necessary amount 
1319complexity複雑さinvolving a lot of different but connected parts in a way that is difficult to understand
1320liability法的責任、債務when you are legally responsible for something; a debt; a disadvantage
1321implementation実施、実装the act of making something that has been officially decided start to happen or be used
1322bias先入観a tendency to believe certain people or ideas
1323catalogカタログa book with a list of all the goods that you can buy from a shop, or of all the books, paintings, etc. that you can find in a place
1324stamp切手a small piece of paper that you buy and then stick to an envelope or package to pay the cost of mailing it 
1325guideline指針a rule, instruction or principle
1326envelope封筒an enclosing cover for a letter, card, etc.
1327knifeナイフa usually sharp blade attached to a handle that is used for cutting or as a weapon 
1328printer印刷機a machine which is connected to a computer and which produces writing or images on paper
1329adventure冒険an exciting or dangerous experience 
1330fenceフェンスa structure like a wall built outdoors usually of wood or metal that separates two areas or prevents people or animals from entering or leaving
1331attractionひきつけるもの something interesting or enjoyable that people want to visit, see, or do 
1332ocean海洋the salt water that covers much of the Earth's surface 
1333castlea large building usually with high, thick walls and towers that was built in the past to protect against attack
1334veteranベテランsomeone who has been in the military; someone who has done a job or activity for a long time
1335reflection反射an image that is seen in a mirror or on a shiny surface 
1336nerve神経one of the threads in your body which carry messages between your brain and other parts of the body
1337determination決意when someone continues trying to do something, although it is very difficult
1338fictionフィクションliterature and stories about imaginary people or events; not real
1339carpetカーペットthick material for covering floors, often made of wool
1340clustera group of similar things that are close together
1341confusion混乱a situation in which people are uncertain about what to do or are unable to understand something clearly
1342logic論理a proper or linear way of thinking about something
1343grammar文法the set of rules that explain how words are used in a language
1344hintほのめかす、ヒントwhen you say something that suggests what you think or want, but not in a direct way; a clue
1345hookフックa curved or bent tool for catching, holding, or pulling something 
1346bellベルa hollow usually cup-shaped metal object that makes a ringing sound when it is hit 
1347liquid液体a substance that is able to flow freely
1348panicパニックa sudden, strong feeling of worry or fear that makes you unable to think or behave calmly
1349uncle叔父the brother of your father or mother or the husband of your aunt 
1350riceお米small white or brown grains that come from a southeast Asian plant and that are used for food 
1351slopeground that slants downward or upward : ground that slopes 
1352happiness幸せthe feeling of being happy
1353vessel貨物船a ship or large boat 
1354verb動詞a word (such as jump, think, happen, or exist) that is usually one of the main parts of a sentence and that expresses an action, an occurrence, or a state of being
1355transportation交通a vehicle or system of vehicles, such as buses, trains, etc. for getting from one place to another
1356harbora part of the ocean, a lake, etc., that is next to land and that is protected and deep enough to provide safety for ships
1357comedyコメディentertainment such as a film, play, etc. which is funny
1358storage保管場所when you put things in a safe place until they are needed
1359universe宇宙all of space and everything in it including stars, planets, galaxies, etc.
1360sheepan animal with a thick woolly coat that is often raised for meat or for its wool and skin 
1361lover恋人If two people are lovers, they have a sexual relationship but they are not married
1362ratラットan animal that looks like a large mouse and has a long tail
1363portrait肖像a painting, drawing, or photograph of someone
1364substitute控えa person or thing that makes the place instead of something
1365supplement補足something that is added to make it complete, help understanding
1366adjustment調整a slight change that you make to something so that it works better, fits better, or is more suitable
1367filterフィルターa device that prevents some kinds of light, sound, electronic noises, etc., from passing through
1368tentテントa portable shelter that is used outdoors, is made of cloth (such as canvas or nylon), and is held up with poles and ropes 
1369stranger初対面の人、知らない人someone you have never met before
1370shadean area of slight darkness that is produced when something blocks the light of the sun 
1371grain穀物the seeds of plants (such as wheat, corn, and rice) that are used for food 
1372probability見込みhow likely it is that something will happen
1373leatheranimal skin that is chemically treated to preserve it and that is used in making clothes, shoes, furniture, etc.
1374uncertainty不確実なことthe quality or state of being uncertain: something that is doubtful or unknown
1375refugee難民someone who has been forced to leave their country, especially because of a war
1376shorethe land along the edge of an area of water (such as an ocean, lake, etc.)
1377excitement興奮a happy and enthusiastic feeling
1378pregnancy妊娠when a woman is pregnant
1379slice一切れa flat piece of something that has been cut from a larger piece
1380empire帝国a group of countries or regions that are controlled by one ruler or one government 
1381attendance出席者数the number of people who go to an event, meeting, etc.
1382ownership所有権 the state or fact of owning something
1383qualification資格a special skill or type of experience or knowledge that makes someone suitable to do a particular job or activity 
1384athleteアスリートsomeone who is very good at a sport and who competes with others in organized events
1385tonguethe soft, movable part in the mouth that is used for tasting and eating food and in human beings for speaking
1386serverサーバーa computer that is used only for storing and managing programs and information used by other computers
1387fool馬鹿者a person who lacks good sense or judgment : a stupid or silly person 
1388hypothesis仮説an idea that leads to further study or discussion
1389curtainカーテン a piece of cloth that hangs down from above a window and can be used to cover the window 
1390mayor市長the person who is elected to be the leader of the group that governs a town or city
1391darkness暗闇when there is little or no light
1392aunt叔母the sister of your father or mother or the wife of your uncle 
1393tournament大会a competition with a series of games between many teams or players, with one winner at the end
1394registration登録when a name or information is recorded on an official list
1395fragment断片a small piece of something
1396listener傍聴者someone who listens
1397density密度the number of people or things in a place when compared with the size of the place; the relationship between the weight of a substance and its size
1398moduleモジュールa part of an object that can operate alone, especially a part of a spacecraft; part of a course or a textbook
1399autumnthe season between summer and winter 
1400cheekほおthe soft part of your face below your eye
1401attachment愛着、添付ファイルa feeling strong connection to someone or something; a computer file which is sent together with an email message
1402holder所有者someone who officially owns something
1403noun名詞a word that is the name of something (such as a person, animal, place, thing, quality, idea, or action) and is typically used in a sentence as subject or object of a verb or as object of a preposition 
1404hunger空腹a very great need for food : a severe lack of food 
1405thirst渇きan uncomfortable feeling that is caused by the need for something to drink

NGSL – 英単語クイズ(名詞部門)

上のNGSL英単語ランキング(名詞部門)は何位まで理解していましたか?500位周辺でも「speed」「user」「dinner」などのカタカナで一般的に表記されてる単語が相当ありますね。

10セット(厳選100語)の英単語クイズ(Definition Quiz)では、Definition(英語での単語説明)の方が難しく感じるかもしれません。

少しの間辛抱してDefinitionに慣れてくると単語学習以上の成果が得られるはずです。是非チャレンジしてみてください。

Noun: #1 -#10

Matching words with definitions.

Noun: #11 -#20

Matching words with definitions.

Noun: #21 -#30

Matching words with definitions.

Noun: #31 -#40

Matching words with definitions.

Noun: #41 -#50

Matching words with definitions.

Noun: #51 -#60

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Noun: #61 -#70

Matching words with definitions.

Noun: #71 -#80

Matching words with definitions.

Noun: #81 -#90

Matching words with definitions.

Noun: #91 -#100

Matching words with definitions.