英文法クイズ(英文法用語)「文法用語を英語で覚えておくと留学時に絶対に役立ます。」

grammar

留学先でESL (=English as a Second Language)に参加する予定がある場合に、文法のレッスンを受けることがあると思います。

例えば動詞はverb、名詞はnoun、形容詞はadjective、副詞はadverbなどはこのサイトでも度々登場しますが、ここではもう少し掘り下げた文法用語をクイズ形式でご紹介します。

文法用語と言ってもネイティブの一般人は結構知らなかったりするケースもあるのですが、洋書のESLテキストを使用するESLのクラスでは、事前に覚えておくと質問もしやすいですよね。

英文法用語は留学前に覚えておきましょう!

まずは代表的な文法用語(20語)を英英辞典のdefinitionで説明します。definitionで文法用語を推測してみてください。

1) article

a word (such as a, an, or the) that is used with a noun to show whether or not the noun refers to a specific person or thing

2) pronoun

a word (such as I, he, she, you, it, we, or they) that is used instead of a noun or noun phrase

3) singular

showing or indicating no more than one thing

4) plural

relating to a form of a word that refers to more than one person or thing

5) phrasal verb

a group of words that functions as a verb and is made up of a verb and a preposition, an adverb, or both

6) auxiliary verb

a verb (such as havebemaydoshallwillcan, or must) that is used with another verb to show the verb’s tense, to form a question, etc.

7) gerund

an English noun formed from a verb by adding -ing

8) infinitive

In English the infinitive form of a verb is usually used with to (“I asked him to go”) except with modal verbs like should and could(“He should go”) and certain other verbs like see and hear (“I saw him go”).

9) subjunctive (mood)

of or relating to the verb form that is used to express suggestions, wishes, uncertainty, possibility, etc.

10) passive (voice)

showing that the subject of a sentence is acted on or affected by the verb

11) conjunction

a word that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words

12) preposition

a word or group of words that is used with a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show direction, location, or time, or to introduce an object

13) conditional

showing or used to show that something is true or happens only if something else is true or happens

14) possessive

relating to a word or a form of a word that shows that something or someone belongs to something or someone else

15) relative

referring to a noun, a part of a sentence, or a sentence that was used earlier

16) participle

a form of a verb that is used to indicate a past or present action and that can also be used like an adjective

17) tense

a form of a verb that is used to show when an action happened

18) progressive (tense)

a verb tense that is used to refer to an action or a state that is continuing to happen

19) present perfect (tense)

a verb tense that is used to refer to an action that began in the past and is completed at the time of speaking

20) past perfect (tense)

the form of the verb that is used in referring to an action that was completed by a particular time in the past

英語クイズ(英文法用語 – 日本語組み合わせバージョン)

それでは文法用語を正しいものとマッチングさせてください。約束します。覚えておけば留学時に絶対に役立ちますよ!

文法用語 in English

Match the English grammar words with the Japanese grammar words.